Nurses and nursing students take care of patients with Dementia and Alzheimer’s everyday. Review the chart in the picture to learn the differences between dementia and Alzheimer’s.
Dementia is a decline in conceptual capacity in an individual possibly as a result of global brain trauma or some ailment that brings about memory loss. If it comes up before the age of 65 then it is termed early development dementia. The expression dementia originates from a Latin word which means insanity. It can be understood as a non-specific illness syndrome where the parts of the brain responsible for memory, verbal communication, attention and problem solving are badly damaged. Nearly six months are needed for the disease to be diagnosed and in future stages, the affected individuals might end up being at a complete loss in due course. Dementia is treatable up to a specific level but as the disease press forward the symptoms turn out to be terminal. The warning signs of the disease could be reversible and it varies according to the etiology of the disease
The possibility of total liberty from the symptoms of dementia is lower than 10%. Dementia can be mixed up with the near-term syndrome, delirium in the event that thorough screening of the patient’s previous record is not carried out as the symptoms are rather comparable. Depression and psychosis can be employed for differentiating dementia and delirium. Various types of dementia are best known that differ significantly in their symptoms. The symptoms of various kinds may overlap, so medical diagnosis is performed by nuclear brain scanning approaches. Common forms of dementia include Alzheimer’s disease, vascular and frontotemporal dementia and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). An individual may suffer from more than one types of dementia concurrently at the same time.
Types of Dementia
There are two cognitive dementia groups. The group depends on the part of the brain that is affected:
The cerebral cortex is changed. The cerebral cortex is the outer layers of the brain. It plays a fundamental role in cognitive processes such as memory and speech. Patients with cortical dementia usually have critical memory damage. These patients may have problems recalling words and cannot understand even the simplest speech. Alzheimer’s disease and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease are two popular forms of cortical dementia.
It occurs when beneath the cortex is terribly affected. These patients show some kind of behavioral changes and their response to attention. Their ability to think effectively slows down. They may not have severe difficulties in verbal communication and the ability to store information as with cortical dementias. Parkinson’s disease, Huntington’s disease, and AIDS dementia are good examples of sub –cortical dementias/ there are some serious cases whereby both parts of the brain are affected. One case is with vascular dementia
What are some causes of dementia?
The most common cause of dementia is Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer’s disease accounts for 50 to 70 percent of all dementia.
The most frequent causes of dementia include:
- Degenerative neurological illnesses. Such as Alzheimer’s dementia with Lewy bodies, Parkinson’s disease and Huntington’s disease.
- Bloodstream (vascular) disorders. Including multi-infarct dementia, which is due to numerous strokes in the brain.
- Microbial infection that has an impact on the central neurological system. These are made up of a similar dementia complex HIV disease and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease.
- Long-term usage of harmful drugs.
- Depressive disorders.
- Some kinds of hydrocephalus. This is a build-up of fluid in the brain. The fluid accumulation could potentially cause abnormalities in the development of malignant tumors, infections, injuries, or brain.
- Normal aging.
How to Prevent Cognitive Dementia
Researchers believe that non-genetic causes of cognitive dementia can be prevented. Lifestyle factors such as diet and exercise help improve our intellects
The most important factor is how your brain is used. If you do not make use of it, you lose it. Social interaction is essential to keep the brain active. Brain training games are another awesome way to keep the brain from being idle. Research shows that if you play good games or exercises you have higher chances of eliminating dementia
Any brain training will do you good, like crosswords. However, it has not been studied enough. Researchers cannot say for sure the benefits these games provide.
Nurses are on the front line of Dementia and Alzheimer’s. Nurses and nursing students take care for patients and residents diagnosed with Dementia & Alzheimer’s in various settings. Nurses are trained with the proper resources to manage people with cognitive issues.
For more information on becoming a Nurse, please visit us on www.nursingsuccesscollege.com
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Dr. Nicole M. Brown, DNP, RN
Army Reserve Veteran (Desert Storm)
Founder: Nursing Success College, LLC & The Nurse Dolls, LLC