November is National Diabetes Month. Diabetes, often referred to by healthcare professionals as Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Mellitus describes a group of metabolic diseases in which the person has high blood glucose (blood sugar), either due to poor insulin production, or because the body’s cells don’t properly respond to insulin, or both. Patients with high blood sugar will typically experience frequent urination (polyuria), they will become increasingly thirsty and hungry. There are 3 types of Diabetes:
Often referred to as insulin-dependent diabetes, juvenile diabetes, or early-onset diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. People usually develop type 1 diabetes before their 40th year, often in early adulthood or teenage years. Patients with type 1 diabetes will need to take insulin injections for the rest of their life. They must also ensure proper blood-glucose levels with regular blood tests and following a special diet. Approximately 10% of all diabetes cases are type 1. Type 1 diabetes is not as common as type 2 diabetes. Patients with type 1 are treated with regular insulin injections, as well as a special diet and exercise.
Type 2 Diabetes can be one of the most troubling forms of the disease because many times its onset is due to being overweight, physically inactive and eating the wrong foods. Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are type 2. Overweight and obese people have a much higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to those with a healthy body weight. People with a lot of belly fat, or abdominal obesity, are especially at risk. Being overweight/obese causes the body to release chemicals that can destabilize the body’s cardiovascular and metabolic systems. Some people may be able to control their type 2 diabetes symptoms by losing weight, following a healthy diet, doing plenty of exercise, and monitoring their blood glucose levels. However, type 2 diabetes is typically a progressive disease – it gradually gets worse – and the patient will probably end up have to take insulin, usually in tablet form.Those with a close relative who had/had type 2 diabetes, people of Middle Eastern, African, or South Asian descent also have a higher risk of developing the disease. Patients with Type 2 diabetes are usually treated with tablets, exercise and a special diet, but sometimes insulin injections are also required.
Gestational Diabetes affects females during pregnancy. Diagnosis of gestational diabetes is made during pregnancy.Some women have very high levels of glucose in their blood, and their bodies are unable to produce enough insulin to transport all of the glucose into their cells, resulting in progressively rising levels of glucose.The majority of gestational diabetes patients can control their diabetes with exercise and diet. Between 10% to 20% of them will need to take some kind of blood-glucose-controlling medications. Undiagnosed or uncontrolled gestational diabetes can raise the risk of complications during childbirth. The baby may be bigger than he/she should be.
Though all forms of Diabetes can prove bothersome, all 3 forms can be treated and type 2 can be cured. This being National Diabetes awareness month, Nurse Nicole is reminding you:
Obtain regular blood testing to rule out the disease
Remain physically active
Remember the old adage “you are what you eat, garbage in-garbage out”.
Have a Great November and watch what you eat for the holidays!!
Founder: The Nurse Dolls
Founder: Nursing Success College